Dubai, the new city of luxury and traditions.
Status: United Arab Emirates. ( Dubai)
Type of Dubai state: Federal state composed of 7 emirates. Hereditary monarchy in each emirate.
Dubai also refers to the city, capital of the homonymous emirate (3,100,000 inhabitants, estimate 2019).
Nature of state: Absolute federal monarchy of Dubai.
Head of State: President Khalifa ben Zayed Al Nahyane.
Sub-continent: Western Asia.
Surface area of the emirate: 3 885 km² .
Capital of the emirate of Dubai: Dubai (the capital of the United Arab Emirates is Abu Dhabi).
Main Villes: 7 Emirates (Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Sharjah, Umm al Qaiwain, Ajman, Ras al Khaimah, Fujairah).
Official language: Arabic (official); English widely spoken.
Currency: United Arab Emirates dirham.
National holiday: 2 December (independence in 1971).
Population: 2,086,000 inhabitants in the emirate of Dubai (estimate 2017).
Density: 794 inhabitants/km².
Religions: Sunni Muslims are in the majority.
Dubai (in Arabic: دبي / Dubayy, /dʊ.ˈbajj/) is the largest city in the United Arab Emirates.
Located on the Persian Gulf, it is the capital of the emirate of Dubai.
Together with the cities of Sharjah, Ajman and Umm al Qaiwain it forms an agglomeration that will exceed 3.1 million inhabitants in 2018.
Dubai is also the first port of the country.
Founded in the eighteenth century, Dubai remains a modest town, isolated from the world, which lives mainly from pearl fishing at the end of the nineteenth century.
Dubai went through a difficult period during the inter-war period before entering the modern world in the second half of the 20th century. In 1971, Dubai participated in the creation of the current United Arab Emirates. His emir is the vice-president.
Although not the capital of the UAE, Dubai has become the federation’s best-known city.
This reputation is due in particular to the media coverage of its tourist projects such as the Burj-al-Arab Hotel, the most luxurious hotel in Dubai, to the gigantic nature of its real estate projects such as the Palm Islands, an artificial palm-shaped peninsula and archipelago, The World, an artificial archipelago that reproduces the world map, the Dubai Marina with its particular and gigantic architecture, without forgetting the highest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa.
Located on the south-eastern coast of the Persian Gulf, Dubai is a world city and the business center of the Middle East.
The discovery of oil in 1930 turned the United Arab Emirates upside down. It is also an important world center for passenger and freight transport. Oil revenues have accelerated the development of the city, which was already an important commercial hub. With 3,885 km2, it is the second largest emirate in terms of surface area after Abu Dhabi.
Open to the Persian Gulf and located between the emirates of Sharjah to the north and east and Abu Dhabi to the south, most of the territory is occupied by the Rub al-Khali desert. The small enclave of Hatta lies in the mountains on the border with the Sultanate of Oman.
The bulk of the emirate’s urban population is concentrated in the city of Dubai, the capital of the emirate, with the cities of Sharjah and Ajman associated within a vast conurbation, although the latter two cities are capitals of separate emirates.
Although neither the largest nor the most populous emirate, Dubai has become the best-known of the seven emirates that make up the federation.
This reputation is due to the media coverage of tourist projects built in its capital, such as the Burj-Al-Arab Hotel, the most luxurious hotel in Dubai, the gigantic real estate projects such as Palm Islands, an artificial peninsula in the shape of a palm tree, the Dubai Marina with its particular and disproportionate architecture, not forgetting the highest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa.
These projects, claimed by the government, are presented as a way to become within a few years the world’s leading destination for luxury tourism and to become one of the world’s poles for family, business, commercial, etc…
Climate in Dubai:
Dubai’s climate is subtropical desert, with very mild or pleasantly warm winters and very hot summers, in which the combination of temperature and humidity makes the heat really oppressive.
Average temperatures range from 19.5°C in January to 36.5°C in August.
On the other hand, when the wind blows from the south, in winter the temperature can rise to around 30 °C, while in spring and autumn, already in April and again in October, it can reach 40 °C. In summer, the scenario is obviously even worse: in July and August, the temperature can even reach 47/48 °C. On the positive side, however, when the wind blows from the south, i.e. from the Arabian desert, the humidity decreases.
In summer, it never rains.
The wind is often strong. In winter and spring, there can be strong winds from February to April. Sometimes this can happen even in summer. The wind can bring sand and dust storms.
The degree of sunshine in Dubai is excellent all year round: blue skies are the norm, however, from December to March, a few cloud banks may pass, which can sometimes produce a few showers, while in summer there may be cloudiness related to the monsoon in southern Arabia, which however, here produces very little effect.
The sea in Dubai is warm enough to swim all year round, although from January to March its temperature drops to 23°C.
In summer, the Persian Gulf is one of the warmest seas in the world, and exceeds 30°C from June to October, so it is possible to take long baths.
The gastronomy in Dubai :
Dubai is the ideal place to discover Middle Eastern cuisine. From Moroccan tajines to Lebanese mezze, Arabic cuisine figures prominently in the emirate.
Lebanese cuisine is quite widespread, from shawarma (pita bread filled with spit-roasted meat) to falafel (chickpea dumplings and or vegetables). The classic kebab (spit-roasted meat), kefta (sliced, grilled and spicy lamb skewers), hummus (chickpea cream with olive oil) or oriental tabbouleh are among the Lebanese specialties that are easily found.
In terms of sweetness, there is a beautiful variety of traditional oriental desserts made of honey, dates and dried fruits.
A cosmopolitan city, open to outside influences, Dubai also offers international cuisine in shopping malls and hotels.
From Indian cuisine to Thai dishes, via French or American cuisine, all types of tables can be found in the emirate.
Since alcohol is forbidden by the Koran, tea is the main drink. However, to satisfy an international clientele, the big hotels serve alcohol without any problem, from French wine to Scotch whisky.
Religions in Dubai:
Islam is the official religion of the United Arab Emirates. The population was converted to Islam during the Arab invasion in 632. Its history was then confused with that of the Umayyad and then Abbasid caliphates.
The inhabitants of the region lived from the pearl trade and piracy until 1820, when the British imposed their tutelage to protect the route to India. The federation of the United Arab Emirates was created in 1971, after the British ceded it in 1968.
Sharia law is the basis of the emirates’ legislation. Freedom of worship is guaranteed to non-Muslims as long as they do not violate laws or public morals.
Of the total population, official statistics indicate that 96% are Muslims, 80% Sunni and 16% Shia1. However, 80% of the population is foreigners. Foreign residents come mainly from South and Southeast Asia, and to a lesser extent from the Middle East, Europe, Central Asia and North America.
A census of the entire resident population indicates 76 percent Muslim, 9 percent Christian, 5 percent Hindu, 5 percent Buddhist, and 5 percent of other religions such as Parsis, Baha’i, and Sikh.2 The majority of foreign residents are foreigners.
Art and Culture:
Due to the touristic approach of many Dubaites in the entrepreneurial sector and the high standard of living, Dubai’s culture has gradually evolved towards one of luxury, opulence, and lavishness with high regard for leisure-related extravagance
A combination of local prosperity and visions of a Dubaian tourist Mecca by successive Dubaian rulers have resulted in numerous forms of infrastructure that caters to self-indulgence, coziness, and a pleasurable sense of living the high-life.
The Dubai Culture & Arts Authority (DCAA) is a government authority in the United Arab Emirates, which works in preservation of the cultural heritage and support of the cultural scene in Dubai.
Established in 2008 by Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President and Ruler of Dubai, as an entity to manage and support the art and culture infrastructure in the Emirate as well as preservation of the cultural heritage.
The authority was part of Dubai’s 2015 strategy for cultural development.
A.I.R Dubai: an annual art residency for artists and curators in the UAE and elsewhere, to be based in Al Fahidi Historical Neighborhood to work together and produce new work.
SIKKA Art Fair: an annual event showcasing emerging artists from the UAE in the field of visual arts, performances, music and film.
Al Maktoum Hospital Museum: the plans were announced in early 2014 to create the first museum dedicated to preserving the history of the Hospital in the UAE. The museum will be located within the original hospital building, which was built in 1951.
Dubai Festival for Youth Theatre: an Annual festival Aims at promoting local theatre talents.
Art Season: a week-long celebration of arts and culture in the emirate, featuring key events such as Art Dubai, Design Days Dubai, The Middle East Film & Comic Con and SIKKA Art Fair.
Metro Museum: the Project was announced by Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum in 2014 to transform Dubai Metro stations into art museums, displaying artworks and creations from different art genres.
And Dubai Next: a collective of interactive discussions and cultural talks led by several cultural personalities to underline Dubai’s global identity as a hub for innovation in the creative scene.
The first two editions took place in Paris and Basel.
The third edition, took place during the opening week of Expo Milano and on the evening of the 56th Venice Biennial.
Art is an emerging activity in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. New galleries such as Carbon 12 Dubai, art fairs, artists, art patrons and collectors have grown in number.